As the world powers realign for dominance, China and Russia are accelerating its push to reshuffle a world order it sees as outdated.

The 2023 G20 Delhi summit which was expected to have the presence of world leaders from it member states witnessed the absence of Chinese President Xi Jinping who was represented by Premier Li Qiang, while Russia’s Vladimir Putin was represented by Russia foreign minister Sergey Viktorovich Lavrov.

The summit which would have been a venue for a possible meeting between Xi and Biden following months of efforts by the two nations to patch their diplomatic rift in trade and geopolitical tensions.

Jon Finer, the U.S. deputy national security adviser, told the media in Delhi that China is giving up on G20 in favour of groupings like BRICS, where it is dominant.

Jon Finer said; “It’s incumbent upon the Chinese government to explain why its leader would or would not participate”.

The BRICS is a grouping of the world economies of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa formed in 2010, describe as fast-growing economies that was predicted to collectively dominate the global economy by 2050.

Currently, BRICS includes Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, with six new members of Saudi Arabia, Iran, Ethiopia, Egypt, Argentina and the United Arab Emirates.

Though the West and it allies dominated the summit having US president Biden, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, French President Emmanuel Macron, British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, Saudi Arabia’s Mohammed Bin Salman and Japan’s Fumio Kishida, among others in attendance.

India Prime Minister, Narendra Modi the host of 2023 G20 Summit during the inauguration of the two-day meeting called on members to end a “global trust deficit” and announced that the bloc was granting permanent membership to the African Union in an effort to make it more representative, while opening discussion on issues ranging from global debt, cryptocurrencies to climate change.

On the war in Ukraine, G20 group is deeply divided between the Western nations pushing for strong condemnation of Russia invasion of Ukraine, while others are demanding a focus on broader economic issues.

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