The world is on verge of reaching a new average temperature record in 2023, due to climate change and the anticipated return of the El Nino weather phenomenon.

During El Nino, winds blowing west along the equator slow down, and warm water is pushed east, creating warmer surface ocean temperatures.
El Nino stimulated temperatures could worsen the climate change impacts countries are already experiencing, which includes severe heatwaves, drought and wildfires.

According to Carlo Buontempo, director of the EU’s Copernicus Climate Change Service said “El Nino is normally associated with record breaking temperatures at the global level”.

The world’s hottest year on record so far was 2016, coinciding with a strong El Nino, despite climate change effect of extreme temperatures over the years without the El Nino phenomenon.

The last eight years were the world’s eight hottest on record reflecting the longer-term warming trend driven by greenhouse gas emissions.

Despite most of the world’s major emitters promises to reduce their net emissions to zero, global CO2 emissions continued to rise. As the world’s average global temperature is now 1.2C higher than in pre-industrial times.

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