According to United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFPA) State of World Population Report this year, India population is estimated at 1,428.6 million, or 1.4286 billion, against 1.4257 billion of China. It is estimated that India is on its way to becoming the world’s most populous nation, overtaking China with almost 3 million more people this year, according to data released on Wednesday by the United Nations.

The United States with an estimated population of 340 million maintain third position. The UNFPA survey made public in the 2023 report also show that most commonly held opinion in India, as well as in Brazil, Egypt and Nigeria, was that the population in each country “was too large and fertility rates were too high”.

Poonam Muttreja, an official of the voluntary group Population Foundation of India said
India had done many things right in tackling population growth.

“At the same time, we need to make sure that girls and women are not pushed into early marriages and pregnancies, which limit their aspirations,” she added.

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